Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic, non-communicable disease condition in which there is too much sugar (glucose) in the blood. Globally, its incidence appears to be increasing, as the WHO estimates that up to 150million people are now diabetic in the world. More than 5 million of these people live on the African continent. These figures are expected to double within the next 20 years.
Diabetes Mellitus is usually a result of inherited or acquired deficiency of a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas in the abdomen. Whenever food is consumed, particularly carbohydrate foods, insulin is released into the blood stream from the pancreas. This is to help store the sugar and fat away from the blood and into the cells where they are used as fuel. Without this sequence of events, cells of the body cannot survive, and the human body cannot maintain life. There are 4 ways through which a person may develop diabetes:
1. Some are born with the genetic inability to produce insulin. In this case, the pancreas does not produce insulin at all and the individual has to depend on an external source for the hormone. This is called Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. It is found in children and adolescents.
2. The insulin being produced by the pancreas is very little and is not enough to meet the metabolic needs of the individual. Most adults suffering from diabetes belong to this group, which is called Type 2 Diabetes. This set of patients are usually put on medications referred to as oral hypoglycaemic agents for blood sugar control. Some of them also use insulin.
3. The pancreas produces normal amounts of insulin but the cells of the body do not respond to the hormone as they normally should. This is referred to as Insulin Resistance.
4. Another type of diabetes is called Gestational Diabetes. This type of diabetes is triggered off by pregnancy. It usually resolves following the birth of the baby, but it may persist in some women, or put them at risk of developing diabetes mellitus later on. Gestational diabetes may also predispose to pregnancy complications like miscarriage, congenital malformations and increased birth weights.
When a first degree relative such as father or mother has diabetes, there is a 50% chance for one to develop the disease. Being overweight or obese is also a known risk factor for the development of diabetes.
Some common symptoms of diabetes mellitus include:
• Excessive urination
• Excessive thirst
• Excessive hunger
• Unexplained weight loss
• Dry mouth
• Recurrent yeast infections
• Erectile dysfunction
• Tingling sensation or numbness of hands and feet
Diabetes Mellitus may, and often leads to medical and surgical complications when not carefully managed. These may include kidney problems, stroke, erectile dysfunction, infertility, potential limb amputation, eye problems and even death. Often, patients are placed on multiple medications to control blood glucose.
It is known that dietary regulation, weight control and regular exercise are central to successful management of diabetes. It is possible to live a full life independent of medications with appropriate lifestyle modification, blood sugar monitoring and the right diet. At Mart-Life Detox Clinic, management of DM includes a bioenergetic test done to determine the degree of damage to organs, environmental toxic load and food sensitivities/intolerances. The result of this test, along with other blood investigations are utilised by doctors, trained nutritionist and physical exercise experts to fashion out a management plan for each individual. A subsequent individualized Mayr detoxification program helps achieve and maintain normal blood glucose for the long term, while arming each client with health and nutrition information that helps them achieve and maintain not just normal blood sugar control but great overall health.